SALT LAKE CITY (AP) — A California businessman accused of leading a nearly $500 million biodiesel fraud scheme was actually being used by a Utah polygamist who didn’t want to share the proceeds with his community, a defense attorney said Thursday.
Polygamist Jacob Kingston previously pleaded guilty in the scheme and is now trying to shift the blame to businessman Lev Aslan Dermen, lawyer Mark Geragos said during opening statements atDermen’s federal trial in Salt Lake City.
Kingston was raised in a “toxic environment” where he learned to lie and carry out government fraud by an “incestuous” polygamous group that lives by what they call “bleeding the beast,” Geragos said.
“They deal in fraud. That is all they’ve ever done,” Geragos told jurors. “At the end of the day, you’ll find that all roads lead to Jacob Kingston.”
Dermen has pleaded not guilty to 10 counts, including money laundering and mail fraud.
Prosecutors painted a starkly different picture for jurors, saying Kingston and his brother teamed with Dermen two years into the scheme in exchange for protection by whatDermencalled his “umbrella” of law enforcement and government sources.
Dermen pushed the Kingstons to expand the operation exponentially by using burner phones, elaborate money transfers through Turkey and Luxembourg and shipping fuels from countries such as Ireland and India through Panama, U.S. prosecutor Leslie Goemaat said during her opening statement .
Dermen told the others to launder the money by buying million-dollar luxury cars and houses, she said.
She told jurors that the men aimed to defraud the government of $1 billion but only received $470 million before their final claims in 2015 were rejected. A federal investigation was started weeks later and the three men were indicted in 2018.
The business involved in the scheme, Washakie Renewable Energy, once described itself as the largest producer of clean burning and sustainable biodiesel in Utah.
Prosecutors say the company was actually creating fake production records to get renewable-fuel tax credits, then laundering the proceeds from 2010 through 2016. Instead of making their own biodiesel, as required in the program, they were buying and selling biofuels from other places and selling it. Dermen bought some of that second-hand biofuel and sold it at his gas stations, prosecutors allege.
Jacob Kingston and his brother Isaiah Kingston owned a renewable energy company used in the scheme. They pleaded guilty last year to money fraud and other charges and are expected to testify against Dermen during the trial that may last a month or longer.
Prosecutors have said the Kingstons are members of the northern Utah-based Davis County Cooperative Society, also known as the Kingston Group, which practices polygamy and owns hundreds of businesses. Group leaders have condemned fraudulent business practices.
Goemaat said Dermen traveled with bodyguards and in private planes and an armored car with bulletproof windows. He has close contacts with government and police contacts, but the prosecutor didn’t reveal their names or locations.
She referred to him by his original name, Levon Termendzhyan, which he changed to Lev Aslan Dermen. She said he loves lions and “Aslan” means lion in Turkish.
Geragos saidDermenchanged his name because he planned to move to Turkey after his wife died and he wanted to avoid ethnic persecution aimed at people of Armenian descent.
Dermen is a reputable businessman who has owned gas stations and a trucking company for 25 years, said Geragos, a Los Angeles lawyer who has represented Michael Jackson and other celebrities. The monetary transactions cited in the case by prosecutors were all legitimate, he said.